Article Submission Guidelines


The articles submitted for publication should be sent to the following address:


Authors should submit only original work that is not plagiarized, and has not been published (print or electronic) or being considered elsewhere.


Papers submitted by both researchers and doctoral students will be accepted for consideration. Copyrights for articles published in this journal are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal.


“Mravaltavi” is a peer-reviewed edition. All articles are reviewed by an editor, members of the Editorial Board or qualified outside reviewers. We use a double–blind system for peer review; both reviewers’ and authors’ identities remain anonymous. The submitted paper will be reviewed by at least two experts: one editor as well as an external reviewer.


As a result of the review process, articles will be evaluated as follows:

  • Accepted
  • Accepted with revision
  • Rejected or declined.


All authors will receive the relevant notification. The author is obliged to take into account the remarks of the reviewers and, if necessary, to revise the article.



Formatting Guide


  1. The article should be submitted as a MS Word file.
  2. The first page should indicate the author’s name, surname, telephone, e-mail Please note that the author’s e-mail address will be listed at the end of the article.
  3. Font: for Georgian text – AcadNusx, for Greek and other European languages – Unicode type fonts. The rules for installing and using a Greek keyboard are given in the appendix.
  4. The length of the article should not exceed 7,500 words.
  5. The article should be accompanied by a summary, the volume of which should be from 300 to 900 words.





General recommendations


  1. The manuscript must be indicated in letters and hyphens: A-57; S-1463.
  2. Quote from a source, or from a scientific paper should be typed in default (roman) type font and placed in double quotes: “…”. The quote in the quote is marked with a single quotation mark: ‘…’.
  3. The places omitted by the author of the article in the quoted text are marked with square brackets and three dots between them – […]. The changes in the quoted text are also placed in square brackets.
  4. An important information in the article should be typed in italics.
  5. Charts, tables, illustrations included in the text should be numbered in Arabic numerals. A detailed explanation of this material should be given at the end of the article in the list of charts, tables, illustrations.
  6. The author of the article is responsible for obtaining the right to publish the illustration.



Bibliographic references


  1. Footnote
  • The bibliographic reference in the article should be presented on the same page, in the form of a foo References should be numbered in the order they appear in the text.
  • In the text the footnote number should be attached directly to the word with no gap.

F.e.: A historical person1 of the last decade is mentioned there.

  • If a word or phrase with a footnote is followed by a punctuation mark, the footnote number should set after a punctuation mark.

F.e.: These four sign are attested in the numerous Greek manuscripts.1



  1. References in the footnotes and bibliography
  • The article should be accompanied at the end by a complete bibliography of used scientific literature, arranged in alphabetical order in the following sequence: archival funds / manuscript descriptions, published sources, scientific literature.
  • If there are two or more authors of any paper (text edition, article, etc.), the authors’ surnames should be separated by a comma. If the number of authors of the paper exceeds two, then the first author and “et al.”.
  • If the author of the certified article is indicated in the encyclopedia / dictionary article, his / her name and surname should be included in the bibliography (indication in the footnote is not needed). The same goes for an article from internet resources.
  • In the case of Internet resources, only links to scientific websites and projects, scientific publications, scientific institutions or government organizations should be provided. References to authors’ personal and other private websites will not be considered.



The following are examples of how referenced literature should be presented in footnotes (a) and bibliography (b):


Manuscript descriptions:

(a) Aleksidze et al. (eds.), Catalogue, 58-59.

(b) Aleksidze et al. (eds.), Catalogue Z. Aleksidze, M. Shanidze, L. Khevsuriani, M. Kavtaria

(eds.), Catalogue of Georgian Manuscripts Discovered in 1975 at the Monastery of St. Catherine on Mt Sinai (Athens: St Catherine’s Monastery – Patriarchate of Georgia – Georgian Academy of Sciences, 2005).


Edition of texts:

(a) Sancti Gregorii Nazianzeli Opera. Versio iberica. I, 232.

(b) Sancti Gregorii Nazianzeli Opera. Versio iberica. I — Sancti Gregorii Nazianzeli Opera. Versio iberica. I: Orationes I, XLV, XLIV, XLI, ed. a H. Metreveli et K. Bezarachvili, Ts. Kourtsikidze, N. Melikichvili, M. Raphava, M. Chanidze (Corpus Christianorum. Series Graeca 42, Corpus Nazianzenum 9) (Turnhout-Leuven, 1998).


(a) Frendo, Fotiou (eds.), John Kaminiates, The Capture of Thessaloniki, 45-89.

(b) Frendo, Fotiou (eds.), John Kaminiates, The Capture of ThessalonikiJohn Kaminiates, The Capture of Thessaloniki, David Frendo and Athanasios Fotiou (transl. intro., notes) [Byzantina Australensia: 8] (Perth, 2000).



(a) Antonopoulou, The Homilies of the Emperor Leo VI, 46.

(b) Antonopoulou, The Homilies of the Emperor Leo VI —  Th. Antonopoulou, The Homilies of the Emperor Leo VI (Brill: Leiden – New York – Köln, 1997).



(a) Van Esbroeck, La diffusion, 63.

(b) Van Esbroeck, La diffusion — Van Esbroeck M., „La diffusion orientale de la légende des saints Cosme et Damien“, Hagiographie, cultures et sociétés, IVe-XIIe siècles“, Actes du Colloque organisé à Nanterre et à Paris (Paris, 1981): 61-77.




(a) Rapp, Garland, Mary of Alania, 98.

(b) Rapp, Garland, Mary of Alania S. H. Rapp, L. Garland, „Mary of Alania: Woman and Empress between Two Worlds“, Byzantine Women AD 800-1200: Varieties of Experience, L. Garland (ed.),  (London: Ashgate, 2006), 89–121.


Encyclopedia article:

(a) (ODB), Acropolites, Constantine, 49.

(b) (ODB), Acropolites, Constantine, — A.-M. Talbot, Acropolites, Constantine, The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, A. P. Kazhdan, A.-M. Talbot, An. Cutler, T. E. Gregory, N. P. Ševčenko (eds.), vol. 1-2-3 (NY-Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991), 49.


Internet sources:

(a) Nikephoros, martyr of Antioch, S01505, The Cult of Saints, link:

(b) Nikephoros, martyr of Antioch, S01505, The Cult of Saints — Nikephoros, martyr of Antioch, S01505, The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity (CSLA) database, University of Oxford, 2021, link: